ENDOSCOPIC SKULL BASE SURGERY
Skull base surgery has been transformed by the development of endoscopic techniques. Endoscopic procedures were first used for pituitary surgery and were then gradually extended to other regions. A wide range of diseases are now accessible to endoscopic skull base surgery. The major advantage of the endoscopic endonasal approach is that it provides direct anatomical access to a large number of intracranial and paranasal sinus lesions, avoiding the sequelae of a skin incision, facial bone flap or craniotomy, and brain retraction, which is inevitable with conventional neurosurgical incisions, resulting in decreased morbidity and mortality and, indirectly, decreased length of hospital stay and management costs. 1
1.Verillaud B, Bresson D, Sauvaget E, Mandonnet E, Georges B, Kania R, Herman P. Endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery. Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis. 2012 Aug;129(4):190-6. doi: 10.1016/j.anorl.2011.09.004. Epub 2012 Feb 7. Review. PubMed PMID: 22321910.